Excessive sodium intake has become a major public health concern that’s contributing to the increasing cases of hypertension and heart disease. Here is a breakdown of the FDA’s approach to sodium reduction in processed foods.
- Over 70% of the sodium that’s consumed by Americans comes from processed foods
- The FDA has issued voluntary guidance to food manufacturers to reduce sodium in processed foods for a period of 2.5 years
- The FDA’s approach is to establish sodium targets for the industry, monitor, evaluate, and engage with stakeholders
- The FDA’s approach is in line with the 2020-2025 dietary guidelines for Americans
Americans are consuming too much sodium and are becoming sick in the process. Consuming high amounts of sodium has been linked to the development of high blood pressure. The FDA reports that about 40% of American adults are hypertensive. The figure is higher (60%) for non-Hispanic adults.
High blood pressure has been linked to heart disease and stroke. Reducing daily sodium intake could help to prevent unnecessary deaths related to sodium-induced hypertension and cardiovascular disease.
How much sodium is enough?
The recent (2020-2025) Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a sodium intake limit of 2,300 mg daily for adults (14 years and above). This is the equivalent of a level teaspoon of salt (5 mg). American adults are consuming 3,400 mg of sodium on average daily, which is more than 50% of what’s recommended.
Why is the FDA interested in sodium reduction?
Long-term consumption of high levels of sodium increases one’s risk for hypertension. According to the FDA, there’s sufficient scientific evidence linking sodium reduction to a lower risk for hypertension, heart disease, and stroke. A 2017 study of peer-reviewed literature showed that modest reductions in sodium intake resulted in similar reductions in blood pressure. The researchers concluded that lowering sodium levels in processed foods would reduce the risk of hypertension, heart disease, and related deaths.
The sodium problem according to the FDA
Americans are consuming excessive sodium, which is to the detriment of their health and well-being. Here are the two problems the FDA has in sight:
- Most of the excess sodium that is being consumed by Americans is coming from processed foods and not from table salt added directly to the food. This throws a spanner in the works. Any success to be achieved with sodium reduction goals would have to involve food manufacturers.
- Food manufacturers are unwilling to implement sodium limits in most of their processed and prepackaged foods. Salt not only adds flavor to food but also increases its shelf life.
The FDA is alarmed by the sodium-induced hypertension that is affecting increasingly more Americans. They have consequently lain down a moderated approach to reduce sodium intake across the food supply chain.
The FDA’s recommended approach to sodium reduction
The FDA has crafted a strategic approach toward sodium reduction that’s iterative in nature. This approach has four steps that call for voluntary participation. The population is guided toward certain sodium targets that move progressively toward the ideal sodium goals for the population.
The FDA has issued final guidance with voluntary targets for gradual sodium reduction in 16 different categories of food. This guidance is intended for commercially processed and packaged foods and spans a period of 2.5 years.
Here are seven things to know about the FDA’s approach to sodium reduction:
- It sets targets toward sodium reduction in processed and restaurant foods.
- Participation is voluntary, and participant companies have the flexibility to decide when and how to meet the targets.
- It supports efforts previously made by the industry toward sodium reduction.
- It encourages adoption by large food manufacturers with a national or regional scope.
- With several food categories and different sodium targets, this is not a one-size-fits-all approach.
- The target is the gradual reduction of daily sodium intake.
- The unique qualities and values of sodium are not overlooked. These include the texture, flavor, and microbial safety that sodium adds to foods.
What’s next for the FDA?
The FDA, after issuing this guidance, will not merely take a back seat and wait for events to unfold. The FDA endeavors to monitor the sodium levels across the supply chain and establish adherence to sodium reduction goals. This includes engaging with stakeholders continually and evaluating efforts made toward the set goals. The FDA will take the information gathered and will be in a position to issue updated and subsequent targets for sodium reduction.
How can the FDA achieve its sodium reduction goals?
According to the FDA, Americans spend about 50% of their food dollars outside the home. This means that it will take an industry and not an individual approach to achieving sodium reduction goals.
Consumers can always check food labels to monitor their sodium intake; however, this will not work all the time because some foods (such as deli meats) do not require nutrition fact information. The bigger problem is that most foods in the market today are super salted. The best approach would therefore be to reduce the sodium levels in processed and prepackaged foods as well as restaurant meals.
One strategy is to gradually lower the amount of sodium in foods by about 10% at a time. The intention is to reduce the salt without making consumers aware of the reduction — in other words, adapting their taste buds to the taste of “less salt” gradually.
What about retaining the flavor while cutting the sodium levels by 50% at the same time? Is this even a possibility?
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Our team strives to create a new, better way of enjoying food, where great taste and a healthier salt alternative go hand in hand. MicroSalt® is the proud global winner of the P&G Alumni Network’s 2021 Star Entrepreneur Award, and we’re here to help make low sodium eating choices a reality. Simply contact us via our message page, connect with one of our international offices, or call 1- 877-825-0655 to learn more.